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考研·翻译硕士:湿地公园和世界文化遗产英文译名(旅游英语)

2020-04-30 14

National Wetland Parks of China:

Jiangsu

Zhenhu National Wetland Park (Jiangyan)

姜堰溱湖国家湿地公园

Zhejiang

Xixi National Wetland Park (Hangzhou)

西溪国家湿地公园

National Urban Wetland Parks of China:

Beijing:

Cuihu National Urban Wetland Park, Haidian

海淀区翠湖国家城市湿地公园

Hebei:

Nanhu National Urban Wetland Park, Tangshan

唐山市南湖国家城市湿地公园

Jiangsu:

Changguangxi National Urban Wetland Park, Wuxi

无锡市长广溪国家城市湿地公园

Shanghu National Urban Wetland Park, Changshou

常熟市尚湖国家城市湿地公园

Zhejiang:

Jinghu National Urban Wetland Park, Shaoxing

绍兴市镜湖国家城市湿地公园

Anhui:

Nanhu National Urban Wetland Park, Huaibei

淮北市南湖国家城市湿地公园

Shandong:

Sanggouwan National Urban Wetland Park, Rongcheng

荣成市桑沟湾城市湿地公园

Mingyuehu National Urban Wetland Park, Dongying

东营市明月湖国家城市湿地公园

Daotunwa National Urban Wetland Park, Dongping

东平县稻屯洼国家城市湿地公园

Hunan:

Xidongtinghu Qingshanhu National Urban Wetland Park, Changde (or West Dongting Lake’s Qingshanhu)

常德市西洞庭湖青山湖国家城市湿地公园

National Water Parks of China:

Ministry of Water Resources:水利部:

Xiaolangdi Hydro Junction at Yellow River

黄河小浪底水利枢纽

Wanjiazhai Hydro Junction at Yellow River

黄河万家寨水利枢纽

Yellow River Conservancy Commission: 黄河水利委员会 :

Sanmenxia Dam Scenic Area on Yellow River

黄河三门峡大坝风景区

Huayuankou Tourist and Holiday Resort on Yellow River of Henan

河南黄河花园口旅游度假区

Baili Huanghe Scenic Area, Jinan (Literally mean Hundred-Li Yellow River)

济南百里黄河风景区

Pujindu Water Park, Yongji

永济蒲津渡水利风景区

Liuyuankou Water Park, Kaifeng

开封柳园口水利风景区

Yellow River Water Park, Puyang

濮阳黄河水利风景区

Haihe River Water Resources Commission:海河水利委员会:

Panjiakou Water Park

潘家口水利风景区

Zhangweinan Canal Water Park

漳卫南运河水利风景区

Songliao River Water Resources Commission:海河水利委员会:

Qarsan Reservoir Scenic Area

察尔森水库风景区

Huaihe River Commission淮河水利委员会:

Shimantan Reservoir Scenic Area

石漫滩水库风景区

Beijing:

Shisanling Reservoir Tourist Area

十三陵水库旅游区

Beijing’s Qinglongxia Tourist and Holiday Village

北京青龙峡旅游度假村

Tianjin:

Beiyunhe Water Park

北运河水利风景区

Donglihu Scenic Area

东丽湖风景区

Hebei:

Taolinkou Scenic Zone in Qinhuangdao

秦皇岛桃林口景区

Zhongshanhu Scenic Area

中山湖风景区

Yansaihu Scenic Area

燕塞湖风景区

Hengshuihu Scenic Area

衡水湖风景区

Mimishui Water Park, Pingshan (Locally pronounced Huhushui)

平山县沕沕水水利风景区

Jingnianghu Scenic Area, Wu’an

武安市京娘湖风景区

Shanxi:

Fenhe Reservoir II Scenic Area

汾河二库风景区

Fenyuan Water Park

汾源水利风景区

Fenhe Scenic Area in Taiyuan

太原汾河景区

Inner Mongolia:

Hongshanhu Water Park

红山湖水利风景区

Dahushi Water Park

打虎石水利风景区

Shimen Water Park, Baotou

包头石门水上公园

Batuwan Water Park

巴图湾水利风景区

Sanshenggong Water Park at Yellow River

黄河三盛公水利风景区

Liaoning:

Guanmenshan Scenic Area in Benxi

本溪关门山风景区

Dahuofang Reservoir Scenic Area

大伙房水库风景区

Biliuhe Water Park, Dalian

大连市碧流河水利风景区

Dalinghe Scenic Area, Chaoyang

朝阳市大凌河风景区

Tanghe Reservoir Scenic Area

汤河水库风景区

Guanshanhu Water Park, Fushun

抚顺市关山湖水利风景区

Jilin:

Jilin’s Xinlihu Water Park

新立湖水利风景区

Yalujiang International Border Tourist Area, Ji’an

集安市鸭绿江国境旅游区

Huanghe Reservoir Scenic Area, Panshi

磐石市黄河水库风景区

Shitoukoumen Reservoir Water Park, Changchun

长春市石头口门水库水利风景区

Taoyuanhu Water Park, Tonghua

通化市桃园湖水利风景区

Liangjiashan Water Park, Shulan

舒兰市亮甲山水利风景区

Jingyuetan Reservoir Scenic Area, Changchun

长春市净月潭水库风景区

Julongtan Eco-Holiday Resort, Dongliao

东辽县聚龙潭生态度假区

Heilongjiang:

Honghu Tourist Area of Hongqipao Reservoir

红旗泡水库红湖旅游区

Longfengshan Water Park, Wuchang

五常市龙凤山水利风景区

Shankouhu Water Park, Wudalianchi

五大连池市山口湖水利风景区

Shanghai:

Shanghai’s Songjiang Eco-Water Park

上海松江生态水利风景区

Jiangsu:

Tianmuhu Tourist and Holiday Resort, Liyang

溧阳市天目湖旅游度假区

Jiangdu Hydro-Junction Tourist Area

江都水利枢纽旅游区

Yunlonghu Scenic Area, Xuzhou

徐州市云龙湖风景区

Guazhou Ancient Ferry Scenic Area

瓜洲古渡风景区

Sanhezha Water Park

三河闸水利风景区

Yinjianghe Scenic Area in Taizhou

泰州引江河风景区

Xukou Water Park in Suzhou

苏州胥口水利风景区

Huai’an Hydro-Junction Scenic Area

淮安水利枢纽风景区

Guyunhe Water Park, Huai’an (or Ancient Canal)

淮安市古运河水利风景区

Tongyuhe Junction Scenic Area, Yancheng

盐城市通榆河枢纽风景区

Zhenhu Scenic Area, Jiangyan

姜堰市溱湖风景区

Zhejiang:

Qianjiang Chaoyun Holiday Village, Haining (Literally mean Tidal Rhythm of Qiantang River)

海宁市钱江潮韵度假村

Tingxiahu Tourist Area, Fenghua

奉化市亭下湖旅游区

Taihu Tourist and Holiday Resort in Huzhou

湖州太湖旅游度假区

Tianfu Tourist Area, Anji

安吉县天赋旅游区

Hangzhouwan Seaside Amusement Park, Cixi

慈溪市杭州湾海滨游乐园

Tianhe Scenic and Historic Interest Area in Ningbo

宁波天河风景名胜区

Xialihu Eco-Scenic Area, Jiangshan

江山市峡里湖生态风景区

Wozhouhu Water Park, Xinchang

新昌县沃洲湖水利风景区

Huanchenghe Water Park, Shaoxing (or Round-City River)

绍兴市环城河风景区

Yuelianghu Water Park in Jiangshan

江山月亮湖水利风景区

Yaojiang Scenic Area, Yuyao

余姚市姚江风景区

Longchuanxia Water Park in Tiantai Mountains

天台山龙穿峡水利风景区

Anhui:

Longhekou Water Park

龙河口水利旅游区

Taipinghu Scenic Area

太平湖风景区

Foziling Reservoir Scenic Area

佛子岭水库风景区

Longzihu Scenic Area

龙子湖风景区

Meishan Reservoir Water Park

梅山水库水利风景区

Xianghongdian Reservoir Water Park

响洪甸水库水利风景区

Huatinghu Water Park, Taihu County

太湖县花亭湖水利风景区

Bangbuzha Junction Water Park at River Huaihe

淮河蚌埠闸枢纽水利风景区

Qinglongwan Water Park

青龙湾水利风景区

Hengpaitou Water Park, Liu’an

六安市横排头水利风景区

Fujian:

Shizhuhu Scenic Area of Dongzhang Reservoir, Fuqing

福清东张水库石竹湖风景区

Jiulihu Scenic Area, Xianyou

仙游县九鲤湖风景区

Yanpingh

The World Heritage List of P.R.China:

Cultural:

Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains (1994)

武当山古建筑群 (文,1994)

Ancient City of Ping Yao (1997)

平遥古城 (文,1997)

Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun (2000)

皖南古村落:西递、宏村 (文,2000)

Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom (2004)

高句丽王城及王陵 (文,2004)

Classical Gardens of Suzhou (1997)

苏州古典园林 (文,1997,2000)

Dazu Rock Carvings (1999)

大足石刻 (文,1999)

Historic Centre of Macao (2005)

澳门历史城区 (文,2005)

Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa (1994)

拉萨布达拉宫,大昭寺,罗布林卡 (文,1994,2000,2001)

Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang (1987)

北京故宫和沈阳故宫 (文,1987,2004)

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (2000)

明清皇陵 (文,2000,2003,2004)

Longmen Grottoes (2000)

龙门石窟 (文,2000)

Lushan National Park (1996)

庐山 (文,1996)

Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (1987)

秦始皇陵 (文,1987)

Mogao Caves (1987)

莫高窟 (文,1987)

Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation System (2000)

青城山和都江堰 (文,2000)

Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde (1994)

承德避暑山庄和外八庙 (文,1994)

Old Town of Lijiang (1997)

云南丽江古城 (文,1997)

Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian (1987)

周口店北京人遗址 (文,1987)

Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing (1998)

北京颐和园 (文,1998)

Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu (1994)

曲阜孔庙,孔府,孔林 (文,1994)

Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing (1998)

北京天坛 (文,1998)

The Great Wall (1987)

万里长城 (文,1987)

Yin Xu (2006)

安阳殷墟 (文,2006)

Yungang Grottoes (2001)

云冈石窟 (文,2001)

Natural:

Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992)

四川黄龙 (自,1992)

Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992)

四川九寨沟 (自,1992)

Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries (2006)

四川大熊猫栖息地 (自,2006年)

Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas (2003)

云南三江并流 (自,2003)

Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992)

武陵源 (自,1992)

Mixte:

Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area (1996)

峨眉山和乐山大佛 (自文,1996)

Mount Huangshan (1990)

黄山 (自文,1990)

Mount Taishan (1987)

东岳泰山 (自文,1987)

Mount Wuyi (1999)

武夷山 (自文,1999)


The most important Buddhist monasteries of China are:

Beijing:

Guangji Monastery 廣濟寺 (Jin), stores many old Tang sutras

Baita Monastery 白塔寺 (Liao) in Tibetian style, with a tall white pagoda

Wuta Monastery 五塔寺 (Ming), the only relic is the five pagoda stupa

Dazhong Monastery 大鍾寺 (Song), famous for the huge, 46 tons heavy bronze bell

Yonghegong 雍和宮, a Lama temple from early Qing

Fayuan Monastery 法院寺 (Tang), the oldest Buddhist temple of Beijing

Biyun Monyastery 碧雲寺 (Yuan), also called Dazhenjue Monastery, with an extraordinary pagoda, see above

Wofo Monastery 臥佛寺, housing a 5 m long reclining Buddha

Badachu 八大處 "The Eight Extraordinary Places", with eight different Buddhist monasteries

Tanzhe 潭柘寺 and Jietaisi 戒台寺 Monasteries

Tianjin:

Dabeiyuan Monastery 大悲院 (late Ming)

Dule Monastery 獨樂寺 (Song) and other small complexes in Jixian County 薊縣

Shanghai:

Longhua Monastery 龍華寺 (Song)

Jingan Monastery 靜安寺 (Song); the whole building complex was moved from its old place near Suzhou River some miles to the south. The library houses old Song time writings.

Yufo Monastery 玉佛寺 (late Qing), housing two huge jade Buddhas

A square pagoda (Fangta 方塔) can be seen in the ruins of a monastery in Songjiang 松江.

Anhui Province:

among the monasteries of the Jiuhuashan Mountain 九華山 are two main complexes, the Huacheng 花城寺 and the Qiyuan 祈園寺 Monasteries from the Tang resp. Qing Dynasties.

Fujian Province:

the capital Fuzhou 福州 houses some monasteries, like the Baita Monastery 白塔寺 with a white pagoda (Tang), Hualin Monastery 華林寺 (Tang to Song), Yongquan Monastery 泳泉寺 (Song) on the Gushan Mountain 鼓山, Chongfu Monastery 崇福寺 (late Qing), 零源寺 Lingyuan Monastery on the Beifeng Mountain 北峰山, and the Luoxing Pagoda 羅星塔.

One of the largest temple complexes of China is Kaiyuan Monastery 開元寺 (Tang) in Quanzhou 泉州 with its double pagoda (Shuangta 雙塔)Longshan Monastery 龍山寺 in Anhai 安海 is famous for a 4 m tall wooden sculpture of a thousand arms Bodhisattvathe southern city of Xiamen 厦門 has a temple called Nan Putuo Monastery 南普陀寺 (Tang) housing the triad of Buddhas of the past, present and future.

Gansu Province:

probably the most famous and important place of Buddhism in China are the Mogao Grottoes 莫高窟 near Dunhuang 敦煌

the capital Lanzhou 蘭州 only possesses a white pagoda (Baita 白塔), but not far from here are the Binglingsi Grottoes 炳靈寺石窟Maijishan Grottoes 麥積山石窟 are near the city Tianshui 天水a Tibetian Lama monastery is near the city Labrang 拉卜楞 (chin. Xiahe 夏河)near Zhangyi 張掖, we find the Matisi Grottoes 馬蹄寺石窟. The city itself is famous for Dafo Monastery 大佛寺 (Song) with the large, 30 m long reclining Buddha, and a timber pagoda (Muta 木塔)

Guangdong Province:

Kaiyuan Monastery 開元寺 in Chaozhou 潮州

the city of Foshan 佛山 can show a red octogonal pagoda called Renshouta 仁壽塔

the capital Guangzhou (Canton) 廣州 is known for the following monasteries: Guangxiao 光孝寺 (Jin) with two small iron pagodas, Liurong Monastery 六榕寺 (Sui to Tang) with the Huata Pagoda 華塔, Hualin Monastery 華林寺 with the hall of 500 Arhats. South of Guangzhou, we find the Zhenshan Baota Pagoda 真山寶塔 in Xinhui 新會, and a pagoda in Shunde 順德.

Hebei Province:

Chengde 承德 (Jehol) is rather known as capital of the Manchu, but we find there also a handfull of monasteries erected or founded during the Qing Dynasty, like the Tibetian style Putuo Zongsheng Temple 普陀宗乘之廟

near the capital Shijiazhuang 石家莊 is Fuqing Monastery (Sui) in a wonderful landscape. Near Zhengding, we find the Longxing Monastery 隆興寺 (also Sui), and a Pilusi Monastery 毗盧寺.

Henan Province:

Kaifeng 開封 was Northern Song capital and therefore has to show many monasteries, like the Iron Pagoda (Tieta 鐵塔), the Fanta Pagoda 繁塔 (once 70 m tall), and Xiangguo Monastery 相國寺

Luoyang 洛陽, also capital for many dynasties, is known for three places of Buddhism: the Baima Monastery 白馬寺, Chinas first monastery, Fengxian Monastery 奉先寺 inside the Longmen Grottoes 龍門石窟, and the Shaolin Monastery 少林寺, known for the fighting technique of its monks

Hubei Province:

The capital Wuhan 武漢 is an industrial city, but we can find here some monasteries, like the Guiyuan Monastery 歸元寺 with a 500 Arhats Hall, Baotong Monastery 寶通寺 with the Xingfuta Pagoda 興福塔 and Hongshan Baota Pagoda 洪山寶塔 (all Song).

Hunan Province:

The capital Changsha 長沙 can show us Kaifu Monastery 開福寺 (Tang).

Jiangsu Province:

Tianning Monastery 天寧寺 (Tang) in Changzhou 常州.

Jiming Monastery 雞鳴寺 in Nanjing 南京 and Linggu 靈谷寺 and Qixia 栖霞寺 Monasteries nearby.

The old city of Suzhou 蘇州 is not only famous for the gardens, but also for pagodas (Beisita 北寺塔, Shuangta 雙塔, Ruiguangta 瑞光塔) and monasteries (Hanshansi 寒山寺, Lingyansi 靈岩寺, Baoshengsi 保聖寺).

揚州 Yangzhou was once a rich city of merchandise and therefore has many pagodas and monasteries, among them Tianning 天寧寺 and Daming Monasteries 大明寺, and Wenfengta Pagoda 文奉塔 and a Stone Pagoda (Shita 石塔).

Jinshansi Monastery (Jin) 金山寺 in Zhenjiang 鎮江.

Qinghai Province:

Near Xining 西寧 are Wufeng Monastery 五峰寺 and the Monastery Kumbum (chin. Taersi 塔爾寺), one of the most important monasteries of Tibetian Lamaism (Ming).

Shanxi Province:

Datong 大同 was once capital of the Northern Wei Dynasty and is crowned with many monasteries, like Shenhua 善化寺 and Huayan 華嚴寺 Monasteries. Near Datong are the famous Yungang Grottoes 雲岡石窟.

Guangsheng Monastery 廣勝寺 (Jin to Yuan) in the rather unknown town Hongdong 洪洞.

The capital Taiyuan 太原 houses the Chongshan Monastery 崇善寺 (Ming) and a Double Pagoda (Shuangta 雙塔; Tang). Nearby are Longshan Grottoes 龍山石窟 (not the big famous Longshan!) and Tianlongshan 天龍山石窟 Grottoes.

Tianning Monastery 天寧寺 (Tang) on Guashan Mountain 卦山.

Xuanzhong Monastery 玄中寺 (Tang) near Jiaocheng 交城.

Wutaishan Mountain 五台山 is one of the sacred Buddhist mountains with many temples and pagodas.

Shandong Province:

Near the capital Jinan 濟南 is the Thousand Buddha Mountain Qianfoshan 千佛山 with the Xingguo Monastery 興國寺 (Tang).

Shaanxi Province:

Xian 西安 (former Changan 長安) was capital for many rulers and dynasties. As capital, many Buddhist monks and Buddhist rulers founded monasteries. The most famous buildings are the Small and Large Wild Goose Pagodas (Xiaoyanta 小雁塔 in Jianfu Monastery 荐福寺, Dayanta 大雁塔 in Cien Monastery 慈恩寺) from the Tang Dynasty. Other monasteries are Guangrensi 廣仁寺 (a Qing Dynasty Lama temple), Daxingshansi (Jin Dynasty), Qinglongsi ; near the city are Xingjiaosi 興,教寺, Huayansi 華嚴寺, Xiangjisi and Caotangsi Monasteries.Yanan 延安 is not only the city where the Communist Party leaders camped during the civil war, but is also known for a Song Dynasty pagoda Yananta 延安塔.

Sichuan Province:

The capital Chengdu 成都 is home for three monasteries: Dacisi 大慈寺 (Tang), Zhaojuesi 昭覺寺 (Tang), and Baoguangsi 寶光寺 (Jin).Near the city of Dazu 大足, we find two places of Buddhist grottoes: the Beishan Grottoes 北山石窟, and the Baodingshan Grottoes 寶頂山石窟.Probably the most famous Buddhist mountain is Emeishan 峨眉山 with many monasteries, statues and steles.

The huge stone Buddha statue (Dafo 大佛) of Leshan Mountain 樂山 was carved during the Tang Dynasty.

Yunnan Province:

The old kingdom of Dali 大理 was converted to Buddhism and erected three tall pagodas during the Chinese Tang Dynasty.

Zhejiang Province:

The silk city of Hangzhou 杭州is home of some monasteries, like the Lingyinsi Monastery 靈隱寺 ?with the large Maitreya potbelly Buddha; further, the Song Dynasty Liuheta Pagoda 六和塔.Ningbo 寧波 is home of Tianfengta Pagoda 天封塔 (Tang), and the monasteries Baoguosi 保國寺 (Song), Tiantongsi 天童寺 (Tang), and Ayuwang Monastery 阿育王寺.

The island Putuoshan 普陀山 is one of the sacred Buddhist mountains. The Bodhisattva Guanyin is the main object of reverence on this island.Dashan Monstery 大善寺 (Song Dynasty) in Shaoxing 紹興.

The Tiantai school was founded in the monasteries of Mount Tiantai 天台山.

Lingfeng and 靈峰寺 Lingyan Monasteries 靈岩寺 (both Ming) are Buddhist complexes of the Yandangshan Mountains 雁蕩山.

Autonomous Region of Tibet:

Palkhor Monastery (Chinese: Baijusi 白居寺) in Gyangze (Chinese: Jiangzi 江孜)

Jokhang Monastery (Chinese: Dazhaosi 大昭寺), Ramoche Monastery (Chinese: Xiaozhaosi 小昭寺) and the Potala (Chinese: Budalagong 布達拉宮) in Lhasa (Chinese: Lasa 拉薩). Near Lhasa are the monasteries Drepung (Chinese: Zhefengsi 哲蜂寺), Nechung (Chinese: Shenyusi 神諭寺), Sera (Chinese: Selasi 色拉寺), Ganden (Chinese: Gandansi 甘丹寺), and Nethang (Chinese: Nietangsi 聶唐寺).

Sagya Monastery (Chinese: Saqiesi 薩迦寺)

Rongbuk Monastery (Chinese: Rongbusi 絨布寺)

Tashilunpho Monastery (Chinese: Zhashilunbusi 扎什倫布寺) in Shigatse (Xigaze, Chinese: Rikaze 日喀則)

Samye (chin. Sangyisi 喪伊寺),敏珠林寺) and Yumbulhakhang Monasteries (chin. Changzhusi 昌珠寺) in Zedang 澤當

Autonomous Region of Inner Mongolia:

Kundulun 昆都侖召 and Wudang Monasteries 五當召 (resembling the Potala) in Baotou 包頭

Wuta Monastery 五塔寺 and and Lama Temple Dazhao 大召 in Hohhot (chin. Huhehaote 呼和浩特). Nearby the White Pagoda (Baita 白塔) and the Huayan Pagoda 華嚴經塔.

Hong Kong:

Hong Kong is more famous as a market place than a cultural heritage. Nontheless, tourists can find here a Ten Thousand Buddha Monastery 萬佛寺 (cant. Maahnfahtji) in the New Territories, and Po Lin Monastery on the island of Lantao (cant. Daaihyuhsaan 大嶼山) with the largest bronze Buddha of the world.

Taiwan:

The only noteworthy place of Buddhist worship in Taiwan (although there are small temples in every town) is Foguangshan Mountain 佛光山 near Gaoxiong 高雄, with a huge bronze Buddha, erected in 1967.

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