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单词observe意思理解?

2021-08-06 0

observe有三个重要的意思1.观察2.遵守3.庆祝,在这里是“庆祝”的意思。

给你补充一点字典上的东西。
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observe
[Eb5zE:v]
vt.
观察, 观测, 遵守, 评述, 说

observe
ob.serve
AHD:[…b-zûrv“]
D.J.[*b6z*8v]
K.K.[*b6z)v]
v.(动词)
ob.served, ob.serv.ing, ob.serves
v.tr.(及物动词)
To be or become aware of, especially through careful and directed attention; notice.
注意,觉察:觉察到,尤其是通过仔细和直接的注意;注意
To watch attentively:
观察:聚精会神地看:
observe a childs behavior.
观察一个孩子的行为
To make a systematic or scientific observation of:
观测:对…作系统的或科学的观察:
observe the orbit of the moon.
观测月球的轨道
To say casually; remark.
评论:随便地说;发表意见
To adhere to or abide by:
遵守:遵守或服从:
observe the terms of a contract.
遵守合同的条款
To keep or celebrate (a holiday, for example):
庆祝:保留或庆祝(如,节日):
observe an anniversary.
庆祝周年纪念日
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To take notice.
观察
To say something; make a comment or remark.
评论:说;评价或发表意见
To watch or be present without participating actively:
看:观看或出席而不积极参与:
We were invited to the conference solely to observe.
我们被邀请,不过只是出席会议而已

Middle English observen [to conform to]
中古英语 observen [与…一致]
from Old French observer
源自 古法语 observer
from Latin observ³e [to abide by, watch]
源自 拉丁语 observ³e [遵守,看]
ob- [over] * see ob-
ob- [在…上] *参见 ob-
serv³e [to keep, watch] * see ser- 1
serv³e [保留,看] *参见 ser- 1

observ“ingly
adv.(副词)

observe, keep, celebrate, commemorate, solemnize
These verbs are compared as they mean to give proper heed to or show proper reverence for something, such as a rule, custom, or holiday.
当这些动词都表示给予一定注意或对某些事物,如对规定、习惯、或节日表一定尊敬时。
Observe stresses respectful adherence, as to law or tradition, often in the form of compliance with prescribed rites:
Observe 强调尊敬性的遵从,如对于法律或传统,常常以遵守规定的礼仪仪式为形式:
observe the speed limit;
遵守速度限制;
observe the Sabbath.
信守安息日。
Keep contrasts withbreak and violate; it implies actions such as the discharge of a duty or the fulfillment of a promise:
Keep 相对于break 和 violate; 它暗含有如未尽职责或没有实现诺言等行为:
He said he would help, and he kept his word.
他说过要帮忙的,他兑现了。
Celebrate in this comparison emphasizes observance in the form of rejoicing or festivity:
Celebrate 在这项比较上强调以欢乐或喜庆形式的遵从:
We are planning a surprise party to celebrate her birthday. To commemorate is to honor the memory of a past event;
我们正为他的生日而准备着一个惊奇的派对。 而commemorate 是对过去的事件的记忆的尊敬;
solemnize implies dignity and gravity in the celebration of an occasion:
solemnize 暗含某一庆祝场面的庄重和严肃:
“It [July 2, 1776] ought to be commemorated as the day of deliverance . . . It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade . . . from one end of this continent to the other, from this time forward forevermore” (John Adams).See also Synonyms at see 1
“它〔1776年7月2日〕 应作为诞生之日来纪念…… 应用壮观的典礼和游行来隆重庆祝……从这片大陆的这头到那头,从此时到永远” (约翰·亚当斯)参见同义词 see1

observe
ob- 在;到;附近+ 拉丁词根serv 保护,维护,引申出“观察”)

用法见 see这里的observe是“庆祝(节日等)”的意思。

比如:Some people observe Christmas here

observe最主要的意思是:

1. 看到,注意到[+(that)][+wh-][O3][O4]
He observed a stranger hanging around the store.

2. 观察,观测;监视
They carefully observed the behavior of deer.

3. 遵守,奉行
This law must be strictly observed.

4. 说;评述,评论
He observed that it was a lovely day.

vi.
1. 说;评述,评论[(+on/upon)]
He observed on modern art.
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