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thrift是节俭,spendthrift怎么就是挥霍无度了

2021-10-21 1

thrift 英 [θrɪft]美 [θrɪft] n. 节俭;节约;[植] 海石竹
spendthrift 英 [spen(d)θrɪft] 美 adj. 挥霍无度的;浪费的 n. 挥霍无度的人;浪费的人
我个人的理解是spend+thrift,冠上spend这个前缀,重点突出花费这个词,就是毫无节制了。根据外网资料,密歇根大学英语教授解释thrift名词有收入的意思,spendthrift就是花钱的意思,引申为挥霍无度。
以下是原文>>>>>>>>>
Spendthrifts are more spendy than thrifty, so the word spendthrift doesn’t seem to make much sense.
This week on That’s What They Say, host Rina Miller and University of Michigan English Professor Anne Curzan discuss the seemingly oxymoronic word spendthrift.
While thrifty refers to being economical with money, spendthrift means the exact opposite—someone who spends money irresponsibly. Curzan explores the etymology of thrifty to get to the bottom of spendthrift.
“Thrifty comes from the word thrive, meaning ‘to prosper,’” Curzan explains. “Starting in the 16th century, it also means that someone is thrifty, or frugal.”
However, it is the noun thrift, not the adjective thrifty, which led to spendthrift. Thrift can refer to someone’s earnings, which makes a spendthrift someone who spends his or her income.
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