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二战飞机的作战飞机

2021-11-30 1

客货运输机 Name of aircraftYear  in serviceCountry of originOperator(s)  if different from country of originArado Ar 2321943德国  Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle1940英国UK, USSRAvro Lancastrian1945英国  Avro York1944英国  Boeing 247/UC-731933美国U.S., UK, CanadaBoeing 307/UC-751940美国  Bristol Buckingham1943英国  Budd RB Conestoga1944美国  Caproni Ca.1111932意大利  Caproni Ca.1331935意大利  Consolidated C-87/C-109 Liberator Express1942美国U.S., UKCurtiss-Wright C-46 Commando1941美国  de Havilland Albatross1938英国  Douglas C-47 Skytrain/Dakota1935美国U.S., Brazil, Canada, France, New Zealand, UKDouglas C-54/R5D Skymaster1942美国U.S., UKDouglas DC-2/C-321934美国U.S., Australia, Finland, Japan, UKDouglas DC-31935美国U.S., JapanDouglas DC-5/C-110/R3D1940美国U.S., Australia, JapanFiat G.121941意大利  Fiat G.181936意大利  Fokker F.VII1925荷兰Netherlands, Finland, PolandFord Trimotor1926美国AustraliaGotha Go 2441942德国  Handley Page H.P.54 Harrowbomber/transport1937英国UK, CanadaHandley Page Halifax1940英国  Heinkel He 116mailplane1938德国GermanyJunkers G 311926德国Germany, AustraliaJunkers Ju 521932德国Germany, Bulgaria, NorwayJunkers Ju 901938德国  Junkers Ju 2521942德国  Junkers Ju 3521944德国  Kawasaki Ki-56improvedLockheed 141940日本  Kokusai Ki-591941日本  Lisunov Li-2modified licence-builtDC-31939苏联  Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra1937美国U.S., UK, Canada, Japan, South AfricaLockheed 18/C-60 Lodestar1937美国U.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UKMesserschmitt Me 3231943德国  Mitsubishi Ki-571942日本  Nakajima Ki-41934日本Japan, ManchukuoNakajima Ki-6/C2N/Fokker Super Universal1931美国,日本Japan, ManchukuoPercival Petrel1937英国  Potez 621935法国  Potez 6501937法国  Savoia-Marchetti S.731934意大利Italy, Belgium, UKSavoia-Marchetti SM.751938意大利Italy, Hungary, GermanySavoia-Marchetti SM.821940意大利Italy, GermanySavoia-Marchetti S.831938意大利Italy, BelgiumShort Stirling1943英国  Showa/Nakajima L2D1939日本  Siebel Si 2041942德国  Tupolev ANT-91931苏联USSR, TurkeyYokosuka L3Y1935日本  通信、通用和轻型运输机
Many aircraft in this category were impressed into service and some served in very small numbers. The country of origin (listed first) may not itself have used it in a military capacity, and the date represents its original entry into service, not when it was first used by a military organization. Name of aircraftYear  in serviceCountry of originOperator(s)  if different from country of originAirspeed Envoy1934英国UK, Finland, South AfricaAVIA FL.31939意大利Italy, Croatia, GermanyBarkley-Grow T8P-11937美国CanadaBeechcraft 17 Staggerwing/UC-43 Traveler1933美国U.S., Australia, Brazil, UK, New ZealandBeechcraft Model 18/C-45/JRB/SNB/AT-7/AT-11 Expeditor1937美国U.S., Brazil, Canada, France, UKBeneš-Mráz Be-555 Super Bibi1936捷克斯洛伐克  Bloch MB.81ambulance aircraft1935法国  Bloch MB.120mailplane1935法国  Breda Ba.441934意大利  Caproni Ca.1641938意大利FranceCaudron C.280/C.400/C.4101932法国  Caudron C.4401934法国France, Belgium, GermanyCaudron C.480 Frégate1935法国  Caudron C.600 Aiglon1935法国  Caudron C.635 Simoun1935法国  Cessna 1651935美国U.S., Australia, Finlandde Havilland DH.501923英国Australiade Havilland Dragon1934英国UK, Iraq, New Zealandde Havilland Dragon Rapide/Dominie1934英国UK, Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Iraq, New Zealandde Havilland Dragonfly1936英国UK, Australia, Denmark, Iraqde Havilland Express1934英国UK, Australia, New Zealandde Havilland Flamingo1939英国  de Havilland Fox Moth1932英国UK, Australia, New Zealandde Havilland Leopard Moth1933英国UK, Australia, Belgiumde Havilland Moth Minor1937英国UK, Australia, New Zealandde Havilland Puss Moth1930英国UK, Canada, Iraq, New ZealandFairchild 24 Argus/UC-61 Forwarder1932美国U.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, Thailand, UKFairchild 711926美国CanadaFairchild FC-21926美国CanadaFairchild Super 711934加拿大  Foster Wikner Wicko1936英国UK, New ZealandFleet Freighter1938加拿大  Hanriot H.1821934法国  Harlow C-80/PJC-21937美国U.S., UKHoward UC-70/GH Nightingale1939美国  Junkers F 131920德国FinlandJunkers W 34 & K 431926德国Germany, Australia, Finland, NorwaySAI KZ II1937丹麦  Laville PS-891935苏联  Lockheed UC-101 Vega1928美国U.S., AustraliaLockheed UC-85 Orion1931美国  Lockheed 10/C-36 Electra1935美国U.S., Canada, UKLockheed 12/UC-40 Electra Junior1936美国U.S., Canada, Netherlands, UKMiles Falcon1934英国UK, AustraliaMiles Merlin1935英国UK, AustraliaMiles Mentor1938英国  Miles Messenger1942英国  Miles Whitney Straight1936英国UK, New ZealandMitsubishi K3M1931日本  Noorduyn Norseman1935加拿大Canada, Australia, Brazil, U.S.Northrop Delta1933美国Canada, AustraliaMoskalyev SAM-51935苏联  Percival Gull1932英国UK, New ZealandPercival Proctor1939英国  Percival Vega Gull1935英国UK, Australia, Belgium, New ZealandPiper J-41938美国U.S., UKPorterfield 351935美国U.S., New ZealandPotez 291927法国  Potez 561934法国  Potez 581934法国  Rearwin Sportster1935美国U.S., New Zealand, ThailandSAIMAN 2021939意大利Italy, CroatiaShcherbakov Shche-21943苏联  Spartan UC-71 Executive1936美国U.S., UK, Canada, ChinaPutilov Stal-31933苏联  Stinson UC-81/AT-19 Reliant1933美国U.S., Australia, Norway, Philippines, UKStinson Voyager1939美国U.S., Canada, FranceTugan Gannet1935澳大利亚  Tupolev PS-351937苏联  Waco UC-72(and otherWacovariants1930s美国U.S., Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Norway, UKYakovlev Yak-61942苏联  通讯联络机 Name of aircraftYear  in serviceCountry of originOperator(s)  if different from country of originAeronca L-31941美国U.S.,BrazilPaulista CAP-41935巴西  Fieseler Fi 156Storch1936德国Germany, Bulgaria, FinlandInterstate Cadet/L-6 Grasshopper1942美国U.S., NorwayKokusai Ki-761942日本  Piper L-4, O-59 and NE-11938美国U.S., BrazilRWD-131935波兰Poland, RomaniaStinson L-1/O-49 Vigilant1941美国U.S., UKStinson L-5 Sentinel1942美国U.S., UKTaylorcraft Auster1942英国UK, AustraliaTaylorcraft L-21941美国  运输滑翔机 Name of aircraftYear  in serviceCountry of originOperator(s)  if different from country of originAirspeed Horsa1942英国  Antonov A-71942苏联  DFS 2301938德国  DHA-G1942澳大利亚  General Aircraft Hamilcar1942英国  Gotha Go 2421941德国  Gribovski G-111941苏联  Kokusai Ku-81941日本  Kolesnikov-Tsibin KC-201942苏联  Maeda Ku-11941日本  Messerschmitt Me 321Gigant1941德国  Slingsby Hengist1942英国  Waco CG-31942美国  Waco CG-4 Hadrian1942美国U.S., UKWaco CG-131945美国  Waco CG-151943美国   初级教练机用于基本飞行训练。高级教练机用于熟悉用于空战或空中杂技的更复杂的系统和高速战斗机训练。多引擎教练机用于训练准备飞多引擎轰炸机和运输机的飞行员、导航员和飞行机械师。一些国家||最著名的是日本、德国、苏联|- 使用报废的作战飞机做为高级教练机,而非专门制造这种用途的教练机。而英国常用这类报废作战飞机作为靶机拖曳机,让机枪手学员训练打靶。有几个国家尝试制造中级教练机以减少高级教练机的损耗,但是在初级阶段增加训练时间完全可以减少相关机型的需求。
滑翔教练机 Name of aircraftYear  in serviceCountry of originOperator(s)  if different from country of originDFS SG 38 Schulgleiterprimary training glider1938德国Germany, Japan + many others...General Aircraft Hotspurparatroop jump trainer1940英国  Laister-Kauffman TG-41941美国  Slingsby Kirby Cadet1935英国  Schweizer TG-31942美国  Schweizer TG-2/LNS-11938美国  Schneider Grunau Baby1931德国Germany, Denmark初级教练机 Name of aircraftYear  in serviceCountry of originOperator(s)  if different from country of originANBO IV1934立陶宛  Avro 5041913英国Estonia, ThailandAvro 6261930英国UK, Belgium, Canada, Estonia, Greece, New ZealandAvro 643 Cadet1932英国UK, Australia, ChinaAvro Tutor1933英国UK, Canada, DenmarkBeneš-Mráz Be-50 Beta-Minor1935捷克斯洛伐克Germany, SlovakiaBoeing-Stearman Model 73/75/PT-13/PT-17/PT-18/NS/N2S Kaydet1934美国U.S., Brazil, Canada, China, PhilippinesBreda Ba.25 & Ba.281932意大利Italy, Hungary, China, NorwayBücker Bü 131, Ki-86, K9W11935德国Germany, Bulgaria, Japan, Hungary, Romania...Bücker Bü 1811940德国Germany, BulgariaCAC Wackett1941澳大利亚  DAR 9 Siniger1940保加利亚Bulgaria, Yugoslaviade Havilland DH.60 Moth1925英国UK, Australia, Denmark, Finland, Iraq, New Zealand, Norwayde Havilland Tiger Moth1932英国UK, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Iraq, New Zealand, NorwayFairchild PT-19/23/26 Cornell1940美国U.S., Brazil, Canada, NorwayFleet Fawn1931加拿大Canada, Brazil,Fleet 10/16/Finch1939加拿大Canada, China, Brazil, RomaniaFocke-Wulf Fw 441932德国Germany, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Romania, SlovakiaFokker S.IV1924荷兰  Fokker S.IX1937荷兰  Gotha Go 1451935德国  Hanriot H.431928法国  Heinkel He 721933德国Germany, BulgariaKlemm Kl 251928德国Germany, NorwayKoolhoven F.K.511935荷兰  Letov Š-2181930捷克斯洛伐克FinlandMeyers OTWCPTPtrainer1936美国  Miles Hawk1933英国UK, New ZealandMiles Magister1937英国UK, NorwayMorane-Saulnier MS.2301930法国  Morane-Saulnier MS.3151932法国  Mráz Zobor I1942斯洛伐克  Naval Aircraft Factory N3N Canary1936美国  North American BT-9/BT-14/NA.57/NA.64 Yale1936美国U.S., Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, UKRyan PT-16/20/21/22 Recruit1934美国U.S., Australia, NetherlandsPolikarpov Po-21929苏联  Praga E-391931捷克斯洛伐克  Repülőgépgyár Levente II1943匈牙利  SAIMAN 2001940意大利Italy, Croatia, GermanySpartan NP-11940美国  St. Louis PT-151940美国  Tachikawa Ki-91935日本  Tachikawa Ki-171936日本  Timm N2T Tutor1943美国  VL Sääski1928芬兰  VL Viima1935芬兰  Vultee BT-13/15/SNV Valiant1939美国U.S., BrazilWaco UPF-7/PT-14CPTPtrainer1930美国  Weiss WM-10 Ölyv1933匈牙利  Yokosuka K5Y1934日本  Yakovlev UT-21937苏联  Zlín Z-XII1935捷克斯洛伐克Czechoslovakia, Germany, Slovakia, UK, Yugoslavia高级教练机 Name of aircraftYear  in serviceCountry of originOperator(s)  if different from country of originAmbrosini S.71943意大利  Ambrosini SAI.10 Grifone1940意大利  Arado Ar 651931德国  Arado Ar 661933德国  Arado Ar 681936德国  Arado Ar 961939德国Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, RomaniaAvia B.1221934捷克斯洛伐克Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Slovakia, USSRBücker Bü 1331938德国  CAC Wirraway1939澳大利亚  Kaproni Bulgarski KB-2/3/4/51931保加利亚  Caudron C.6901939法国  Curtiss-Wright CW-22/SNC Falcon1942美国U.S., NetherlandsFokker D.XVII1932荷兰  Hawker Hart Trainer1930英国  IMAM Ro.411935意大利  Koolhoven F.K.561938荷兰Netherlands, BelgiumMesserschmitt Bf 1081935德国Germany, Bulgaria, ...Mitsubishi A5M4-K1936日本  Mitsubishi A6M2-K Zero1940日本  Morane-Saulnier M.S.2251933法国  Muniz M-91937巴西  Mansyu Ki-791937日本  Nardi FN.3051938意大利Italy, Romania, Hungary, FranceNardi FN.3161942意大利Italy, GermanyNieuport-Delage NiD 621931法国  North American T-6/SNJ Texan/Harvard1935美国U.S., Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, Norway, UK...Orlogsværftet O-Maskinen1926丹麦  Praga BH-411931捷克斯洛伐克  PWS-261937波兰Poland, Romania, GermanyRogozarski PVT1934南斯拉夫王国  Rogozarski R-1001939南斯拉夫王国  Rogozarski SIM-Х1937南斯拉夫王国  Romano R.821937法国  SET 71931罗马尼亚  Stampe et Vertongen SV.5 Tornado1933比利时Belgium, LatviaTachikawa Ki-551940日本Japan, ThailandMiles Master1939英国  Svenska Aero Jaktfalken1930瑞典FinlandVEF I-121935拉脱维亚  VL Tuisku1935芬兰  VL Pyry1941芬兰  Yakovlev UT-11936苏联USSR, ChinaZmaj Fizir FN1931南斯拉夫王国Yugoslavia, Croatia, ItalyZmaj Fizir FP-21936南斯拉夫王国Yugoslavia, Croatia, Italy多引擎教练机 Name of aircraftYear  in serviceCountry of originOperator(s)  if different from country of originAirspeed Oxford1937英国UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, NorwayAvro Anson1936英国  加拿大UK, Canada, FranceBristol Buckmaster1945英国  Beechcraft AT-10 Wichita1942美国  Cessna AT-8/AT-17/UC-78/JRC Bobcat/Crane1939美国U.S., Brazil, Canada, FranceCurtiss AT-91941美国  Focke-Wulf Fw 581937德国Germany, Brazil, Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Hungary, Netherlands, RomaniaHanriot H.2321940法国France, FinlandLWS-6/PZL.30 Żubr1938波兰  Mitsubishi K7M1931日本  Potez 56crew trainer and target tug1936法国  Tachikawa Ki-541941日本  靶机拖曳机和杂项教练机 Name of aircraftYear  in serviceCountry of originOperator(s)  if different from country of originFleet Fortintermediate trainer & radio trainer1941加拿大  Kyushu K10Wintermediate trainer & target tug1943日本  Kyushu K11Wbomber crew trainer1943日本  Miles Martinettarget tug1942英国  Miles Monitortarget tug1944英国  Nardi FN.315intermediate trainer1938意大利  Yokosuka K4Yfloatplane trainer1933日本   单引擎、单座战斗机、战斗轰炸机和喷气战斗机 Name of aircraftYear  first flightCountry of originNotesAeronautica Umbra Trojani AUT.181939意大利  Ambrosini SS.41940意大利canard pusher-engine fighterAmbrosini SAI.4031943意大利lightweight fighterAvia B.351938捷克斯洛伐克  Aviotehas PN-31939爱沙尼亚  Bell XP-771944美国lightweight fighterBell XP-831945美国jet fighterBachem Ba 349Natter1945德国vertical launch point defence rocket interceptorBereznyak-Isayev BI-11942苏联rocket fighterBorovkov-Florov I-2071937苏联cantilever-wing biplane fighterCanadian Car and Foundry FDB-11938加拿大biplane fighterCaproni Vizzola F.41940意大利  Caproni Vizzola F.51939意大利  Caproni Vizzola F.61941意大利  Curtiss XF14C1944美国naval fighter with liquid cooled engineCurtiss YP-371937美国  Curtiss XP-421939美国  Curtiss XP-461941美国  Curtiss XP-53/YP-601942美国  Curtiss XP-621943美国  Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender1943美国canard pusher-engine fighterFokker D.XXIII1939荷兰push/pull twin-engine fighterFiat G.561944意大利  Gotha Go 2291944德国jet flying wing fighterHawker Tornado1939英国  Heinkel He 2801940德国  Henschel Hs 1321945德国prone pilot jet fighter/pe bomberKawasaki Ki-601941日本  Koolhoven F.K.551938荷兰buried engine fighterKyushu J7W1945日本canard pusher-engine fighterMartin-Baker MB 21938英国  Martin-Baker MB 31942英国  Martin-Baker MB 51944英国  McDonnell FH Phantom1945美国naval jet fighterMesserschmitt Me 2091938德国racer/fighterMesserschmitt Me 3091942德国  Messerschmitt Me 3281944德国pulse jet fighterMikoyan-Gurevich I-2501945苏联mixed-power fighterMiles M.201940英国emergency fighterNakajima Kikka1945日本jet fighterNorth American P-82 Twin Mustang1945美国twin fuselage fighter too late for warNorthrop XP-56 Black Bullet1943美国tailless pusher fighterPZL.50 Jastrząb1939波兰  Renard R-36/R-37/R-381938比利时  SNCAO 2001939法国  Tachikawa Ki-1061945日本  VEF I-161939拉脱维亚lightweight fighterVL Humu1944芬兰  VL Pyörremyrsky1945芬兰  Weiss-Manfred WM.23 Ezüst Nyíl1942匈牙利  Polikarpov I-1851941苏联  Polikarpov ITP1942苏联  Sukhoi Su-51945苏联mixed-power fighterSukhoi Su-71944苏联high-altitude interceptor
重型战斗机(多引擎或多座)和夜间战斗机 Name of aircraftYear  first flightCountry of originNotesAichi S1A1945日本night fighterArado Ar 2401940德国  Arsenal-Delanne 101941法国tandem wing two seat fighterBoeing YB-40 Flying Fortress1943美国large escort fighterBoeing XF8B1944美国  Boulton Paul P.921937英国  SABCA S.471939意大利BelgiumConsolidated XB-41 Liberator1942美国large escort fighterConsolidated Vultee XP-811945美国  Fisher P-75 Eagle1943美国  Gloster F.9/371939英国  Grumman XF5F Skyrocket1940美国  Grumman XP-501941美国  Hawker Hotspur1938英国  Hughes D-21943美国  IMAM Ro.581942意大利  Kawasaki Ki-641943日本  Kawasaki Ki-961943日本  Lockheed XP-491942美国  Lockheed XP-58 Chain Lightning1944美国  McDonnell XP-67 Bat1944美国  Moskalyev SAM-131941苏联  Nikitin IS-11941苏联  Piaggio P.1191942意大利  Polikarpov TIS1941苏联  PZL.38 Wilk1938波兰  Republic XP-69/XP-721943美国  Savoia-Marchetti SM.88, SM.91 and SM.921939意大利  SNCASE SE.1001939法国  Sukhoi Su-61941苏联  Vickers Type 4321942英国  Vultee XP-541943美国   飞机名称首飞年份原产国备注Akaflieg Berlin B 91944德国Prone pilot researchHeinkel He 1191937德国StreamliningPiaggio P.1111941意大利高空研究

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